Pronoun and Adjective basic

Pronoun and adjective basic-

Pronoun
This stands for a noun.
It is a proxy for a noun
and helps in avoiding
repetition of words.

Example

Rama said that Rama
and Rama’s brother
were in the village.
Rama said that he and
his brother were in the
village.
There is a possibility of
ambiguity and where it
is likely to be ambiguous
repeat the noun itself.

Example

Rama said to Gopal that
he must see a doctor.
Here ‘he in the sentence
is ambiguous.
Rama said to Gopal that
Gopal must see a doctor.
Rama said to Gopal,
“I must see a doctor.
Rama said to Gopal,
“You must see a doctor.”

Case of Pronouns

Pronouns undergo change
when they are used in the
accusative. Nominative’ is
‘subject’ and ‘accusative’ is
object

Pronoun and adjective basic

[Note: The only other case where
we have change in case forms is in
the possessive where the apostrophe
and s, the possessive form like yours,
his, hers, its, mine and theirs are used.]

Reflexive Pronouns

Pronouns ending in self are called
reflexive pronouns.
Singular: myself,yourself, himself,
herself, itself
Plural: ourselves, yourselves, themselves
Such pronouns are used for emphasis.

Example

1. He did it himself.
2. I don’t know it myself.

Relative Pronouns

Who, whose, whom, which
and that are called relative
pronouns. They have certain
syntactic characteristics
which shall be discussed in
the chapter on common errors.

Pronoun and Adjective basic

Adjectives

An adjective adds to the meaning
of a noun. Adjectives may refer to
quality, quantity, number, and so on.

Example

A good boy (quality)
Sufficient rice (quantity)
Five boys attended the meeting
(number)
There are attributive and
substantive adjectives
Stone bench (substantive)
Stony silence (attributive)
There are demonstrative
pronouns.
that book, this pen

While certain nouns are
adjectives in usage, there
are certain nouns that have
distinctive adjectival
forms. They are:

Day Diurnal/daily  

night
twilight

spring
winter
week
year

time
sun
moon
star
earth
sky
sea
hare
horse
cat
dog
cow/oxl
lizard
fox
lion
wolf
pig
parrot

swallow
eagle
goat
eye
mouth
ear
skin
nose
lip
teeth

chest
sight
touch
heart
lung
hand
finger
foot
throat
head
smell

   taste

hear

noctumal/nightly
crepuscular

 vernal
 hibernal
 hebdomadal
 annual

 temporal
 solar
 lunar
 stellar
terrestrial
celestial
marine
leporine
 equine
 feline
canine
 bovine
 saurine
 vulpine
 leonine
 ursine
porcine
psittacin

pratincole
 aquiline
caprine
 ocular
 oral
auricular
 dermal
nasal
 labial
 dental

thoracic
 Visual
 tactile
 cardiac
 pulmonary
 manual
digital
pedal
 guttural
 cephalic
 olfactory

 gustatory

aural

 
     

Pronoun and adjective basic

1 thought on “Pronoun and Adjective basic”

Comments are closed.