Noun-basics beginner-Grammar

Noun-basics beginner




Noun-basics beginner

beginner let start-Noun-basics beginner

A noun is naming word.it names a person (ashoka,
Napoleon, sanjay),place (town,city,New york)or
thing (table,house ,flower).The word” thing”include
all things that we can feel,hear or think of (noise ,
beauty,king kingship.etc.)

 

Nouns are classified into:(a) the common noun and
the proper noun ,or into (b) the concrete noun and
the abstract noun.

Types –Noun two type -(1)common noun (2)proper
noun




Noun basics

 

 

(1) common noun -Name given to every person place
or thing of the same class Examples (Boy ,river,animal,
town)

(A)Abstract -Name given to an abstract idea or
something that cannot be felt or seen or heard.

(B) collective- Name given to a number of persons
or things taken together.
(A) Abstract – Three part
(a) Quality -Examples -goodness,honesty,kindness
(b) Action -Loughter ,hatred,stealth
(c)state- Boyhood,freedom,health

(2)Proper noun -Name given to a particular person
place or thing
Examples -Nepoleon,London,the Ganges

 

Noun-basics beginner

Gender of Nouns
(a) A noun that denotes a male is masculine gender.
(b) A noun that denotes a female is feminine gender.
(c) A noun that denotes either a male or a female is
common gender.
(d) A noun that denotes neither a male nor a female is
neuter gender.

Examples
(a) Masculine gender- boy, father,horse,hero,fox
(b) feminine gender-girl,mother,mare,heroine,vixen.
(c) Common gender-baby,parent ,neighbour,friend,
student
(d) Neuter gender-book,tree,house,jewel,paper some
common words denoting gender are given below.

noun basic beginner

 
Mesculine Feminine Mesculine Feminine

buck
colt
dog
drake
drone
fox
gander
horseram
stag

peacock

doe
filly
bitch
duck
bee
vixen
goose
mare
ewe
hind
pea-hen
cock-sparrow
jack -ass
tom-cat
czar
sultan
Emperor
Marquis
hero
administrator
creator
executor
hen -sparrow
jenny-ass
tabby-cat
Czarina
Sultana
Empress
Marchioness
heroine
creatrix
executrix

Number of Nouns

Noun-basics beginner – Number of Nouns


A singular noun indicates one thing while the plural
more than one .plurals are formed by adding s/es/ies
to the singular or sometimes -ves. Sometimes the
plurals are mutated plurals (foot-feet,woman-women,
child-children)there are also unchanged plurals (sheep,
deer,bison,cannon,salmon)

Foreign Plurals
Plurals of foreign words are formed according to the
rules of the original language .
Latin plurals

 
Singular Plural Singular Plural

alumnus (M)
alumna (F)
larva
fungus
radius
terminus

alumni
alumnae
larvae
fungi
radii
termini
agendum
erratum
crisis
basis
vertex
thesis
agenda
errata
crises
bases
vertices
theses

greek plurals

 
Singuler Plural Singular Plural

criterion
phenomenon

criteria
phenomena
stigma
axis
stigmata
axes

plurals of compound nouns

 
Singuler Plural    
brother-in-law
commander-in -chief
major-general
spoonful
brothers-in-law
commanders-in-chief
major-generals
spoonfuls

 

   

The Following are Always Plural


bellows ,scissors,spectacles,trousers,annals,thanks
tidings,alms,riches

Collective Nouns


such nouns indicate a collection and are treated as
singular

Noun-basics beginer –

 
Animal/Bird/Thing Collective    

sheep
bees
hounds
cattle
birds
ship
cards
steps
scissors
office workers
keys
thieves
sailors
people
angry people
people at church
drawers
clothes
tools
flowers
trees
trousers
grapes
lions

flock
shoal
swarm
pack
herd
flight
fleet
pack
flight
pair
staff
bunch
gang
crew
crowd
mob
congregation
chest
suit
set
bunch/bouquet
clump
pair
bunch
pride
   

Nouns and their Diminutives /young ones

 

 
Word Diminiutive Word Young ones

river
book
ring
owl

rivulet
booklet
ringlet
owlet
dog
cat
hen
cow
goose
swan
duck
lion
eagle
horse
pup
kitten
chick
calf
gosling
cygnet
duckling
cub
eaglet
lamb
foal

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