Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography | Indian scientists invention |Famous scientist list |
Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography
1. Indian Scientists : Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was born on 12 August 1919. He received
his doctorate from the University of Cambridge. From 1939 to
1945, he worked in the field of cosmic rays under the direction
of Dr. Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman. Dr. Sarabhai, associated
with many research centers in the country, had discovered the new
solar relationships of cosmic rays.
1962 awarded the Bhatnagar Prize for Physics.
In recognition of his distinguished service in the field of science,
the Government of India gave him the title of Padma
Bhushan in 1966.
Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was the Chairman of the Atomic Energy
Commission of India and the Indian Space Research Organization.
He died on 30 December 1971.
2. Indian Scientists: Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman
(Chandra Sekhar Venkat Raman: 1888–1970)
With the discovery of the Raman Effect, not only Chandrashekhar
Venkata Raman himself became proud, but he also made India iconic
in the scientific map of the world.
The Nobel Prize in Physics on 30 December 1930.
The goldsmiths of the Italian Society of Rome and the Royal
Society of London.
On one occasion of the prize distribution ceremony, Lord Rutherford said
– “Sir Venkat Raman is one of the leading authorities in optics, in particular
on the phenomenon of scattering of light.”
Raman was born on 7 November 1888 in Trichinapalli.
His father was a science teacher. Raman was a student
of very sharp intellect and always stood first in the examinations.
You have matriculated in 12 years and FA in 14 years.
Passed the examination of the first class. He earned his B.A.
And B.Sc. Earned gold medal by scoring record marks in the
examination of In Physics Did and got first place. At the tender
age of 18, you published the first paper.
After completing his studies, he sat in the examination of the
Finance Department and got the first position.
Raman was appointed Deputy Accountant General in Calcutta.
Even after working here for ten years, his interest in physics
remained the same.
He formed a Vigyan Pragati Sangha and Raman Vigyan Mandal
and continued to do research through them.
He appointed Raman to the post of Professor of Physics at the
University. While staying here, he discovered the Raman effect
related to the scattering of light. The most important use of the
Raman effect is used in physics and chemistry to determine the
molecular structure of substances and other research.
Raman Theory and Discovery
Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman made a second discovery,
which yielded information regarding the retina of the eye.
According to you – we get the feeling of different colors
due to the mixed effect produced by the pigment pigments
present in the retina of the eye.
To give impetus to the exploration work, Raman established
the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore in 1949. You were
also the founder of the Indian Academy of Science, of which you
continued to be a lifelong director. Due to his commendable efforts for
the advancement and development of science, the Honorable President
of India honored him with the title of Bharataratna. Before this, the British
government had also decorated him with the title of Sir.
Professor Raman was an ideal teacher. His lecture enhancers. Used to
be entertaining, curiosity, and motivation to do research.
Dr. C.V. in honor of the extraordinary work done for the advancement of
science and service to the country. Raman was awarded India’s highest
honor “Bharat Ratna” by the Government of India in 1954.
The great scientist Bharat Ratna Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman, who
gave India the prestigious status by his dedication and discoveries in the
international scientific field, died in Bangalore on 21 November 1970,
but he wrote a very glorious history behind him, which inspired young
Indian scientific research. I will find it.
Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography
3. Jagdeesh Chandra Basu
(Jagdeesh Chandra Basu: 1858-1837)
Jagdish Chandra Basu was born on 30 November 1858 in Mamingsing
village of Bengal province. Now Mensing is in Bangladesh. B. from
Cambridge and London Sc He returned to India in 1885 after obtaining
his degree. they were appointed Professor of Physics at the Presidency
College in Calcutta.
From the age of thirty years, you started research in science.
Following are the things you did in the science world –
(1) Jagadish Chandra Basu was the scientist who first sent messages
from one place to another with the help of a wireless wire. In 1895,
he performed a miniature radio in front of the Governor of Bengal.
At the same time, Italian scientist G. Marconi gained fame in the
world through these experiments.
(2) The second area of Jagdish Chandra Basu’s research was botany.
Through experiments, you have proved that there is life in plants.
You made two machines –
1. Regenerate recorders – By this, stimulation of plants is known.
This can be known as the reaction in a thousandth of a second.
2. Crosco graph – This shows the growth of plants.
In 1917, he set up his research school. He died on 23 November 1937.
Jagdish Chandra Basu established India’s reputation in the field of science
for the first time in the world. Lord Calvin, Lord Linton, and other scientists
of the world praised you from free speech. The British government gave
you the title of ‘Sir’.
4. Indian Scientists : Professor Satyendra Nath Bose
(Prof. S.N. Bose: 1894–1974)
You were born on 1 January 1894 in Calcutta. M.Sc. He was
appointed to the post of a lectureship in 1915, two years after
he took over from Presidency College, Calcutta.
In 1922, he took up the position of Reader at Dhaka University
(presently located in Bangladesh), when he wrote papers on the
Plaque rules and Light Quanta and him Sent to Einstein for approval.
Later they were published in the year 1924. He met famous foreign
scientists and held disscution.
1926 – Professor and President of the Department of Physics at
1945 – he moved to Calcutta University and started working as
a Professor of Physics
he was conferred with the title Padam Bhushan In 1954 and became
the Chancellor of Visva-Bharati in 1957. he became a National Professor
and was also elected a member of the Royal Society in 1958. His world-
recognized work in physics is studied under the name Bose-Einstein
5. Indian Scientists :Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha
(Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha: 1909–1966)
University Indian scientist Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha was born
on 30 October 1909 in Bombay into a prosperous Parsi family.
After your father was educated, he went to England and got an
engineering degree in first-class from Cambridge University.
After that he started doing research work at Cambridge University
and in 1934 he got Ph.D. later here he researched cosmic rays
and gave a cogent explanation of the Cascade Principle.
In 1940, Dr. Bhabha returned to India and started working at the Indian
Institute of Sciences as a first reader and later professor. At the same
time he continued research in the laboratory established by Sir CV
Raman. When the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was established
in 1945, Dr. Bhabha was appointed its director and remained in the same
position throughout his life.
The Atomic Energy Center was established on 12 January 1957.
The credit of which goes to Dr. Bhabha.
This research center has three nuclear furnaces – Apsara, Cyrus, and Jarlina.
This research center has several research departments, where Indian and
foreign students are trained.
Homi Jahangir Bhabha was also the Chairman of the Atomic Power
Commission, Government of India. He was the architect of Indian
nuclear power and this will be unforgettable for Indian citizens.
The peaceful uses of nuclear power have been commendable
in agriculture, medicine, industry, and research. Nuclear reactors in
India were set up under your supervision. Today, India is also
considered equivalent to nuclear power nations.
During his lifetime Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha has received
many international awards.
1942-he received the Adams Prize from the University of Cambridge
and the 1948 Hapux Prize.
1954 -, the President of India gave you the title of Padma Bhushan.
1955- he chaired the World Peace Conference in Geneva. Dr. Homi
Jahangir Bhabha was awarded a doctorate by the University of Cambridge
in 1959 and the University of London in 1960. In addition, many universities
have conferred the title of “Doctor of Science”. He was a member of the
Scientific Advisory Committees of the United Nations and the International
Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha died in a plane crash near the Mardant block
on 24 February 1966 while traveling abroad. In January 1966, Dr. Bhabha
died in a plane crash.
6. Indian Scientist : Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray
(Praphulla Chandra Ray: 1861–1944)
Acharya Prafulla Chandra Rai was born on 2 August 1861 in
a small village of Ruruli Katipara in Khulna district of East Bengal,
to a rich Bengali landlord’s house. He did his higher education at
the University of Edinburgh, England. From the same university,
he wrote a research paper on inorganic chemistry from D.C.
Has received the title of.
After this, you returned to Calcutta and after remaining
idle for a year, became a professor in the Presidency College
for Rs 250 per month. You served in this college for 28 years.
He was later the director of the Chemistry College of the
University of Calcutta.
the field of chemistry
Acharya Prafulchandra Rai conducted research in the field
of chemistry. You discovered mercurous nitrite and obtained
new information about nitite and its related compounds.
The British Government gave you the title of Companion of
the Order of Indian Empire in 1911 and the second title was
given to you as ‘Sir’.
He founded the Indian School of Chemistry and the Indian
Chemical Society. In 1934, he was elected an honorary member
of the Chemicals Society of London. He founded the Bengal
Chemical and Pharmacological Works, which is today one of
the largest drug-research laboratories in Asia. he was wrote
the history of Hindu chemistry.
You remained single for a lifetime. You lived a life of sacrifice
and service. He did commendable service in the severe floods
of Bengal in 1922. You were a lover of Sanskrit. You traveled
all over your country.
In 1936, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Rai took a break from active
life. On June 16, 1944, you renounced the world.
7. Indian Scientist : Dr. Hargovind Khurana
(Dr. Har Govind Khurana: 1922)
Hargovind Khurana was born on 9 January 1922 in Raipur
village (now in Pakistan), Punjab province. He did his M.Sc.
from Punjab University And passed the Ph.D. from the
University of Liverpool. Has received the title of. He did
research from the University of Cambridge, then worked
as President and Professor of the Research Council at
the University of British Columbia.
You received many awards and medals. He is a member of
the National Academy of Sciences of America, the Biological
Chemistry Society, and the British Biochemical Society.
You renounced Indian citizenship in 1966 and took American
citizenship. Sweden’s Nobel Prize Committee jointly won the
1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine by Dr. Hargovind
Khurana, Dr. M.W. Presented to Nattenberg and Dr. R. Hotali.
The topic was – “Methodology of transfer to cellular synthesis”.
Dr. Khurana’s great scientific breakthrough – a new chapter in
artificial gene genetics in the test tube.
They injected the synthetic gene into the test tube by artificial
methods with the help of an enzyme called deoxyribonucleic
acid (DNA) recombinant. Made the possibility of repairing the
bad genes of the body and other types of genetic changes
8. Indian Scientist : Dr. Subramanyam Chandrashekhar
(Dr. Subramanyam Chandrashekhar: 1910-1995)
Subramaniam Chandrasekhar was born on 19 October 1910 in
Lahri. He was a scientist of Indian origin having US citizenship.
In 1933, he got a Ph.D. And a Doctor of Science degree from
the University of Cambridge in 1942. He was a professor at the
University of Chicago from 1942 to 1947 and a distinguished
service professor of “theoretical astrophysics” in Chicago from
In 1936, he joined the University of Chicago. Your field of study
and discovery in astronomy, plasma physics and general relativity.
Best Scientist Award
Dr. Subramaniam Chandrasekhar was awarded the National
Medal of Science, America’s Best Scientist Award in 1967 for
research in astronomy. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics
in 1983. The Government of India honored him with the title
Dr. Chandrasekhar analyzed the stars from birth to death. He
discovered the whitest star of the sky’s brightest star and told
that it will shrink further under gravity and become denser and
smaller. He explained that these neutron stars are denser and
have a higher density than black neutron stars. Apart from this,
Dr. Chandrashekhar has also provided solid mathematical proof
to the well-known scientist of England, Dr. Rayleigh due to the
sky being blue.
Dr. Chandrasekhar died on 22 August 1995.
9. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam – Indian Scientists
(Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam: 1931 – 2015)
APJ Abdul Kalam i.e. Dr. Abdul Kalam Pakur Zakir Bal Abdin
Abdul Kalam was born about 300 km from Chennai
Born on 1 October 1931 in Dhanushkodi village, Meshwaram,
to a poor Aare family. His childhood was spent in poverty and
struggles amidst poverty. He also worked to sell newspapers to
support his family’s burden. In this way, he had learned to cope
with adversity in his childhood days. He never gave up on
Dr. Abdul Kalam graduated in science in 1950 from St. Joseph
of Trichy. Entered MIT in Madras in 1954.
He did many research in rocket science. Your major achievements
include the launch of the Rohini satellite, the launch of India’s first
satellite vehicle SLV-3, the launch of Prithvi missile, and successful
nuclear tests in Pokaran in 1998, etc.
Precident of India
He has held the post of President of India from 2002 to 2007.
If we observe Dr. Abdul Kalam’s five-year term as President,
then it is known that he had a smooth and spiritual connection
with the common people of India. He is known for his continuous
presence among ordinary people versus His Majesty imprisoned
in the Rashtrapati Bhavan’s Prakashan. A lifelong bachelor, Kalam
Saheb’s heart was filled with his deep love for children. He was the
second-highest-ranking person after Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru,
generously sharing his affection for great children. He made a
historic attempt to make the Rashtrapati Bhavan out of the reach
of the general public by removing a respectable mystery. In the same
way, he described glorious democracy with more openness and
They have also given us a dream to see India as the most
developed nation in the world. Dreams provide the feet to
our journey and play an important role in setting goals.
He has also written a book titled Vision-2020 on this subject.
His achievements as an educationist and scientist are immense.
He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor
while honoring this. He was died 27 july 2015 in Cardiac attack.
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Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography
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