Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography

Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography | Indian scientists invention |Famous scientist list |

Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography

 1. Indian Scientists :   Dr. Vikram Sarabhai

vikram sharabhai indian scientists
third source /wikipedia


Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was born on 12 August 1919. He received

his doctorate from the University of Cambridge. From 1939 to

1945, he worked in the field of cosmic rays under the direction

of Dr. Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman. Dr. Sarabhai, associated

with many research centers in the country, had discovered the new

solar relationships of cosmic rays.

 1962 awarded the Bhatnagar Prize for Physics.

In recognition of his distinguished service in the field of science,

the Government of India gave him the title of Padma

Bhushan in 1966.

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was the Chairman of the Atomic Energy

Commission of India and the Indian Space Research Organization.

He died on 30 December 1971.



 2.  Indian Scientists:  Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman

chandrashekhar venkatraman indian scientists
source /wikipedia

(Chandra Sekhar Venkat Raman: 1888–1970)

With the discovery of the Raman Effect, not only Chandrashekhar

Venkata Raman himself became proud, but he also made India iconic

in the scientific map of the world.


  The Nobel Prize in Physics on 30 December 1930.

  The goldsmiths of the Italian Society of Rome and the Royal

Society of London.

On one occasion of the prize distribution ceremony, Lord Rutherford said

– “Sir Venkat Raman is one of the leading authorities in optics, in particular

on the phenomenon of scattering of light.”


Raman was born on 7 November 1888 in Trichinapalli.

His father was a science teacher. Raman was a student

of very sharp intellect and always stood first in the examinations.

You have matriculated in 12 years and FA in 14 years.

Passed the examination of the first class. He earned his B.A.

And B.Sc. Earned gold medal by scoring record marks in the

examination of In Physics Did and got first place. At the tender

age of 18, you published the first paper.

After completing his studies, he sat in the examination of the

Finance Department and got the first position.


Raman was appointed Deputy Accountant General in Calcutta.

Even after working here for ten years, his interest in physics

remained the same.

He formed a Vigyan Pragati Sangha and Raman Vigyan Mandal

and continued to do research through them.

 He appointed Raman to the post of Professor of Physics at the

University. While staying here, he discovered the Raman effect

related to the scattering of light. The most important use of the

Raman effect is used in physics and chemistry to determine the

molecular structure of substances and other research.

Raman Theory and Discovery

Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman made a second discovery,

which yielded information regarding the retina of the eye.

According to you – we get the feeling of different colors

due to the mixed effect produced by the pigment pigments

present in the retina of the eye.

To give impetus to the exploration work, Raman established

the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore in 1949. You were

also the founder of the Indian Academy of Science, of which you

continued to be a lifelong director. Due to his commendable efforts for

the advancement and development of science, the Honorable President

of India honored him with the title of Bharataratna. Before this, the British

government had also decorated him with the title of Sir.

Professor Raman was an ideal teacher. His lecture enhancers. Used to

be entertaining, curiosity, and motivation to do research.

Bharat Ratna

Dr. C.V. in honor of the extraordinary work done for the advancement of

science and service to the country. Raman was awarded India’s highest

honor “Bharat Ratna” by the Government of India in 1954.

The great scientist Bharat Ratna Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman, who

gave India the prestigious status by his dedication and discoveries in the

international scientific field, died in Bangalore on 21 November 1970,

but he wrote a very glorious history behind him, which inspired young

Indian scientific research. I will find it.


Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography

indian scientists jagdishchandra bashu

3. Jagdeesh Chandra Basu

(Jagdeesh Chandra Basu: 1858-1837)

Jagdish Chandra Basu was born on 30 November 1858 in Mamingsing

village of Bengal province. Now Mensing is in Bangladesh. B. from

Cambridge and London Sc He returned to India in 1885 after obtaining

his degree. they were appointed Professor of Physics at the Presidency

College in Calcutta.

From the age of thirty years, you started research in science.

Following are the things you did in the science world –

(1) Jagadish Chandra Basu was the scientist who first sent messages

from one place to another with the help of a wireless wire. In 1895,

he performed a miniature radio in front of the Governor of Bengal.

At the same time, Italian scientist G. Marconi gained fame in the

world through these experiments.

(2) The second area of ​​Jagdish Chandra Basu’s research was botany.

Through experiments, you have proved that there is life in plants.

You made two machines –

1. Regenerate recorders – By this, stimulation of plants is known.

This can be known as the reaction in a thousandth of a second.

2. Crosco graph – This shows the growth of plants.

In 1917, he set up his research school. He died on 23 November 1937.

Jagdish Chandra Basu established India’s reputation in the field of science

for the first time in the world. Lord Calvin, Lord Linton, and other scientists

of the world praised you from free speech. The British government gave

you the title of ‘Sir’.

father of chemistry :रसायन विज्ञान का जनक


4. Indian Scientists : Professor Satyendra Nath Bose


(Prof. S.N. Bose: 1894–1974)

You were born on 1 January 1894 in Calcutta. M.Sc. He was

appointed to the post of a lectureship in 1915, two years after

he took over from Presidency College, Calcutta.

In 1922, he took up the position of Reader at Dhaka University

(presently located in Bangladesh), when he wrote papers on the

Plaque rules and Light Quanta and him Sent to Einstein for approval.

Later they were published in the year 1924. He met famous foreign

scientists and held disscution.

1926 – Professor and President of the Department of Physics at

Dhaka University

1945 – he moved to Calcutta University and started working as

a Professor of Physics 

 he was conferred with the title Padam Bhushan In 1954 and became

the Chancellor of Visva-Bharati in 1957.  he became a National Professor

and was also elected a member of the Royal Society in 1958. His world-

recognized work in physics is studied under the name Bose-Einstein


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5. Indian Scientists :Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha

(Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha: 1909–1966)

University Indian scientist Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha was born

on 30 October 1909 in Bombay into a prosperous Parsi family.

After your father was educated, he went to England and got an

engineering degree in first-class from Cambridge University.

After that he started doing research work at Cambridge University

and in 1934 he got Ph.D.  later here he researched cosmic rays

and gave a cogent explanation of the Cascade Principle.

In 1940, Dr. Bhabha returned to India and started working at the Indian

Institute of Sciences as a first reader and later professor. At the same

time he continued research in the laboratory established by Sir CV

Raman. When the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was established

in 1945, Dr. Bhabha was appointed its director and remained in the same

position throughout his life.

Bhabhaa Establisment

The Atomic Energy Center was established on 12 January 1957.

The credit of which goes to Dr. Bhabha.

This research center has three nuclear furnaces – Apsara, Cyrus, and Jarlina.

This research center has several research departments, where Indian and

foreign students are trained.

Homi Jahangir Bhabha was also the Chairman of the Atomic Power

Commission, Government of India. He was the architect of Indian

nuclear power and this will be unforgettable for Indian citizens.

The peaceful uses of nuclear power have been commendable

in agriculture, medicine, industry, and research. Nuclear reactors in

India were set up under your supervision. Today, India is also

considered equivalent to nuclear power nations.

During his lifetime Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha has received

many international awards.

1942-he received the Adams Prize from the University of Cambridge

and the 1948 Hapux Prize.

 1954 -, the President of India gave you the title of Padma Bhushan.

1955- he chaired the World Peace Conference in Geneva. Dr. Homi

Jahangir Bhabha was awarded a doctorate by the University of Cambridge

in 1959 and the University of London in 1960. In addition, many universities

have conferred the title of “Doctor of Science”. He was a member of the

Scientific Advisory Committees of the United Nations and the International

Atomic Institute.

Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha died in a plane crash near the Mardant block

on 24 February 1966 while traveling abroad. In January 1966, Dr. Bhabha

died in a plane crash.


Fundamental Rights and Duties : मूल अधिकार और कर्त्तव्य हिंदी में

6. Indian Scientist : Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray

(Praphulla Chandra Ray: 1861–1944)

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Rai was born on 2 August 1861 in

a small village of Ruruli Katipara in Khulna district of East Bengal,

to a rich Bengali landlord’s house. He did his higher education at

the University of Edinburgh, England. From the same university,

he wrote a research paper on inorganic chemistry from D.C.

Has received the title of.

After this, you returned to Calcutta and after remaining

idle for a year, became a professor in the Presidency College

for Rs 250 per month. You served in this college for 28 years.

He was later the director of the Chemistry College of the

University of Calcutta.

the field of chemistry

Acharya Prafulchandra Rai conducted research in the field

of chemistry. You discovered mercurous nitrite and obtained

new information about nitite and its related compounds.

The British Government gave you the title of Companion of

the Order of Indian Empire in 1911 and the second title was

given to you as ‘Sir’.

He founded the Indian School of Chemistry and the Indian

Chemical Society. In 1934, he was elected an honorary member

of the Chemicals Society of London. He founded the Bengal

Chemical and Pharmacological Works, which is today one of

the largest drug-research laboratories in Asia. he was wrote

the history of Hindu chemistry.

You remained single for a lifetime. You lived a life of sacrifice

and service. He did commendable service in the severe floods

of Bengal in 1922. You were a lover of Sanskrit. You traveled

all over your country.

In 1936, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Rai took a break from active

life. On June 16, 1944, you renounced the world.



7. Indian Scientist : Dr. Hargovind Khurana

(Dr. Har Govind Khurana: 1922)

Hargovind Khurana was born on 9 January 1922 in Raipur

village (now in Pakistan), Punjab province. He did his M.Sc.

from Punjab University And passed the Ph.D. from the

University of Liverpool. Has received the title of. He did

research from the University of Cambridge, then worked

as President and Professor of the Research Council at

the University of British Columbia.

Nobel Prize

You received many awards and medals. He is a member of

the National Academy of Sciences of America, the Biological

Chemistry Society, and the British Biochemical Society.

You renounced Indian citizenship in 1966 and took American

citizenship. Sweden’s Nobel Prize Committee jointly won the

1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine by Dr. Hargovind

Khurana, Dr. M.W. Presented to Nattenberg and Dr. R. Hotali.

The topic was – “Methodology of transfer to cellular synthesis”.


Dr. Khurana’s great scientific breakthrough – a new chapter in

artificial gene genetics in the test tube.

They injected the synthetic gene into the test tube by artificial

methods with the help of an enzyme called deoxyribonucleic

acid (DNA) recombinant. Made the possibility of repairing the

bad genes of the body and other types of genetic changes


8. Indian Scientist : Dr. Subramanyam Chandrashekhar

(Dr. Subramanyam Chandrashekhar: 1910-1995)

Subramaniam Chandrasekhar was born on 19 October 1910 in

Lahri. He was a scientist of Indian origin having US citizenship.

In 1933, he got a Ph.D. And a Doctor of Science degree from

the University of Cambridge in 1942. He was a professor at the

University of Chicago from 1942 to 1947 and a distinguished

service professor of “theoretical astrophysics” in Chicago from


In 1936, he joined the University of Chicago. Your field of study

and discovery in astronomy, plasma physics and general relativity.

Best Scientist Award

Dr. Subramaniam Chandrasekhar was awarded the National

Medal of Science, America’s Best Scientist Award in 1967 for

research in astronomy. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics

in 1983. The Government of India honored him with the title

of Padambhushan.

Dr. Chandrasekhar analyzed the stars from birth to death. He

discovered the whitest star of the sky’s brightest star and told

that it will shrink further under gravity and become denser and

smaller. He explained that these neutron stars are denser and

have a higher density than black neutron stars. Apart from this,

Dr. Chandrashekhar has also provided solid mathematical proof

to the well-known scientist of England, Dr. Rayleigh due to the

sky being blue.

Dr. Chandrasekhar died on 22 August 1995.



9. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam – Indian Scientists 

(Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam: 1931 – 2015)

APJ Abdul Kalam i.e. Dr. Abdul Kalam Pakur Zakir Bal Abdin

Abdul Kalam was born about 300 km from Chennai

Born on 1 October 1931 in Dhanushkodi village, Meshwaram,

to a poor Aare family. His childhood was spent in poverty and

struggles amidst poverty. He also worked to sell newspapers to

support his family’s burden. In this way, he had learned to cope

with adversity in his childhood days. He never gave up on


Dr. Abdul Kalam graduated in science in 1950 from St. Joseph

of Trichy. Entered MIT in Madras in 1954.

He did many research in rocket science. Your major achievements

include the launch of the Rohini satellite, the launch of India’s first

satellite vehicle SLV-3, the launch of Prithvi missile, and successful

nuclear tests in Pokaran in 1998, etc.

Precident of India

He has held the post of President of India from 2002 to 2007.

If we observe Dr. Abdul Kalam’s five-year term as President,

then it is known that he had a smooth and spiritual connection

with the common people of India. He is known for his continuous

presence among ordinary people versus His Majesty imprisoned

in the Rashtrapati Bhavan’s Prakashan. A lifelong bachelor, Kalam

Saheb’s heart was filled with his deep love for children. He was the

second-highest-ranking person after Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru,

generously sharing his affection for great children. He made a

historic attempt to make the Rashtrapati Bhavan out of the reach

of the general public by removing a respectable mystery. In the same

way, he described glorious democracy with more openness and



They have also given us a dream to see India as the most

developed nation in the world. Dreams provide the feet to

our journey and play an important role in setting goals.

He has also written a book titled Vision-2020 on this subject.

His achievements as an educationist and scientist are immense.

He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor

while honoring this. He was died 27 july  2015 in Cardiac attack.

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Indian Scientists : Top List and Biography

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