Adjective and verb basic

Adjective and verb basic Learn with

simple Example


 Adjective and verb basic
An adjective adds to the meaning of a noun.

Adjectives may refer to quality, quantity,
number, and so on.


A good boy (quality)
Sufficient rice (quantity)
Five boys attended the meeting (number)

There are attributive and substantive
Stone bench (substantive)
Stony silence (attributive)
There are demonstrative pronouns.
that book, this pen.

While certain nouns are adjectives in usage,
there are certain nouns that have distinctive
adjectival forms. They are:

day – diurnal/daily
night -nocturnal/nightly
twilight- crepuscular

spring vernal
winter -hibernal
year – annual
Week ‘ hebdomadal
time – temporal
sun – solar
moon -lunar
star – stellar
earth – terrestrial
sky celestial
sea marine
hare – leporine
horse – equine
cat – feline
dog -canine
cow/ox – bovine
lizard – saurine
fox -vulpine
lion- leonine
wolf- ursine
pig -porcine
parrot -psittacine
swallow – pratincole
eagle- aquiline
goat – caprine
eye – ocular
mouth – oral
ear – auricular
skin- dermal
nose -nasal
lip -labial
teeth -dental
Chest- thoracic
sight -visual
touch- tactile
heart – cardiac
lung – pulmonary
hand – manual
finger -digital
foot – pedal
throat -guttural
head – cephalic
smell -olfactory
taste – gustatory
hear -aural

Adjective and verb basic


A verb is a word which says what
a noun does or what state it is in.
As it is an action it has to indicate
the time. Hence a verb must have a
tense indication in it, or else. it must
have a word that helps it to indicate
its tense. and this helping verb is
called the auxiliary verb.

‘Went’ is past tense of ‘go’ but what
‘tense’ is ‘going”? If you say ‘is going’
or ‘was going’ and so forth, we know
the tense. Words such as is, was, etc.
are called auxiliary verbs.

Non-finite Verb

Verbs which cannot by themselves
make a statement are called
non-finite verbs.


Going. to go, gone ‘going‘ is a gerund
or a participle. It is a gerund when it
stands for a noun and a participle when
it is a verb-adjective. It must be related
to a noun at a pronoun.

Participle : Walking in the dark.
I stumbled against a stone.
Gerund : Walking is a healthy practice.
Infinitive : To smoke is injurious to health,
It is also used as a post-verb.
Participle adjective : He wanted to smoke,
The lost pen was soon found.
He lost his pen (‘lost’ is a verb here).